“Natural Disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability”
Natural disasters arise in many places all over the world and become more and more frequent with the increasing global warming.
Where human vulnerability lies in the face of earthquake, tornado, flood, or hurricane the resulted damages harm people life and wreck their properties. The vulnerability and misery circumstances of poverty-stricken population are reinforced after undergoing such an event because of the loose of housing, crops or relatives.
Natural disasters can also be the source of the outbreak of contractible diseases that spread at a rapid rate in the population resulting in epidemics.
We all do remember the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, the second largest earthquake recorded that was responsible for the creation of a devastating Tsunami which took the lives of almost 229,000 people. It is the ninth deadliest natural disaster in modern history.
The 2005 Hurricane Katrina is also still in the memory. It cost the lives of around 1,836 people in its action phase and subsequent floods.
Bangladesh is one the countries prone to cyclone, droughts, earthquakes, floods, and landslides. Cyclones and floods pose greater threat to Bangladesh on a country level.
Life cannot sustain without water. In the present world situation, the issue of water has generated a lot of crisis because pure and safe water has become unavailable and scarce to people who are embedded in poverty.
Water access, a Human Right
At the time of adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, an exclusive mention for the right of people to water was deemed unnecessary because it was assumed that people will naturally have easy access to water. However after realizing that poor and marginalized people were denied the access to water in many part of the world, Water was mentioned for the first time as a fundamental Human Right in November 26th 2002.
Water and Sanitation
Water is intertwined with the concept of sanitation and hygiene. The facilities for sanitation and hygiene become impaired on account of scarcity or unavailability of water.
Lack of access to water for sanitation and hygiene purposes deteriorates the living conditions of marginalized people, thus elevating the chances for the spread of diseases such as diarrhea mostly among children and women. In the developing world, diarrhea diseases due to lack of safe drinking water and basic sanitation is responsible for the death of approximately 5000 people, mostly children under the age of 5 (link to Child Mortality page), especially in rural and slum areas.